Are you a resident of one of the several states that have legalized marijuana? If so, you may grow the perfect cannabis at home. However, cultivating new crops is challenging, even for seasoned gardeners. While it may seem complicated, it’s often just a result of not having the correct information.
With over 56% home growers, it’s unintentionally problematic for many to grow weed at home, but it no longer needs to be that way. Fortunately, you can use this cannabis growing guide to discover the best growing steps and conditions for your unique setup. So, let’s dive in.
Choosing Your Cannabis Seeds
There is a vast selection of weed strains to choose to grow the perfect cannabis at home. Based on your experiences, you know what appeals to you. Maybe some have worked as excellent medicines. If so, those would probably be the best places to start.
Now that your taste is in mind, it would help to consider your growing circumstances. Would you like to grow in a small cabinet where tiny seedlings like autoflowering strains or indicas make the most of your space? Determining this will ensure you select the right seeds.
With all the time and money you spend on growing weed and the cost of equipment, it makes no sense to compromise where quality matters most. So, it would help to buy quality seeds. By purchasing your seeds from a reputable source like I Love Growing Marijuana, you can get your seeds quickly and cheaply.
Creating the Desired Climate
You can’t control the weather when you’re growing outdoors. But you can when you’re growing indoors. Regulating the climate requires controlling the temperature, humidity, and airflow. Suitable conditions depend on the growth stage:
- Germination — It is necessary to keep seeds moist and warm during germination. You can use mini-greenhouses to grow your grain from dampened soil plugs.
- Vegetative — Maintain a temperature of 75 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit and relative humidity of 60 to 70%. Provide proper ventilation to bring in outside air that cools your room and provides a steady supply of carbon dioxide (CO2). CO2 concentration should range between 700 to 900 parts per million (ppm).
- Flowering — Maintain temperature from 72 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit and relative humidity within 50 to 55%. The lower the humidity, the fewer chances of fungus developing on the buds. CO2 levels should range from 1,200 to 1,500 parts per million (ppm).
Providing Enough Lighting
Proper lighting is an essential part of growing cannabis. Not only will it affect the quality but also the speed and size. While outdoor marijuana gets natural light, indoor marijuana requires special care. As a result, regular lightbulbs will not suffice to compensate for the absence of sunlight.
You should purchase more high-quality lights, reflectors, and hoods. Consider high-intensity lighting, such as high-pressure sodium or fluorescent lights. LEDs are another option for saving energy. When choosing LED lights, ensure they are full-spectrum UV lights that can adjust the wavelength according to the needs of the marijuana plant.
Enhancing Water Quality
Solids dissolved in water can harm marijuana plants. Domestic water, for example, contains chlorine and fluoride. While they won’t kill the plant, they won’t maximize the yield. You might consider a system that uses reverse osmosis or filtration.
Ensure that you change your filters regularly. Ensure the water’s dissolved solids (PPM) remain the same by testing the water periodically.
Providing Enough Nutrients
One crucial step to growing the perfect cannabis at home is to provide enough nutrients, including:
- Nitrogen — Nitrogen is essential for marijuana plants during their vegetative stage. Otherwise, it could lead to fewer buds and lower yields.
- Potassium — Cannabis needs potassium to grow and thrive during the flowering stage. When it’s lacking, the growth rate of the leaves will decline.
- Phosphorus — In the absence of phosphorus, smaller leaves turn purplish and dry fast with seared edges. For this reason, the plants should have a lot of phosphorus during flowering.
Cannabis plants may also require other nutrients like:
Pruning and Caring
Even though low-stress training on cannabis does not involve cutting, you need to prune to increase yields. Furthermore, it allows you to get rid of deteriorated buds. It leads to fewer but healthier buds. To ward off pests, remove the lower branches. Pruning during the vegetation stage will allow the plants to recover and grow faster.
Additionally, you’ll need to take care of your weed. You can set aside a few minutes daily for routine checkups. It might include checking the humidity and watching for the male plant, Ph, or water levels.
Harvesting Marijuana Plant
There is no standard harvesting method. You’ll find it less tedious once you are accustomed to the process. It is best to be rakish and to learn by doing. You might trim the leaves while the plants are still standing and then break them down later. You might hang branches to dry or lay individual buds on a drying rack.
You can remove the large sugar leaves, after which you harvest the whole plant and hang it. The only rule is to be careful when handling. Try to avoid damaging the delicate trichomes.
With more states legalizing the use of cannabis, more people are considering growing the perfect cannabis at home. Fortunately, this guide provides the essential steps on how they can handle it.