Alcoholism is a physical as well as a mental illness… So, what is the difference between this disease and other addictions? How does the treatment process work? What are the latest treatment methods? What are the responsibilities of the family in the treatment of alcoholism?
Alcohol addiction, like other addictions, is a chronic brain disease consisting of recovery and relapse periods. In this disease, the person consumes more alcohol than he or she predicts in an uncontrolled manner and there are significant losses in the functionality of the individual. The World Health Organization defines alcohol addicts as “who drink alcohol for a long time and out of the ordinary, whose mental-physical-social health is deteriorated due to alcohol, but who cannot evaluate their condition; He defines it as a patient who cannot stop his desire to drink alcohol even if he evaluates it, and who needs treatment at DeAddiction Centre in Mumbai”. Alcohol addiction is a disease that develops as a result of a process.
What are the differences between alcohol addiction and cigarette or substance addiction?
Alcohol is a highly addictive substance. The development of physical dependence on alcohol is usually late compared to other substances. In addition, after addiction develops, there may be serious symptoms that can be life-threatening during the withdrawal period. Alcohol addiction is a process that negatively affects physical health, as in other addictions. Alcohol; As time progresses, it causes significant damage to the liver, brain, heart muscle, and striated muscles. It can cause many diseases that can result in death, such as cirrhosis, pancreatic diseases, heart diseases, serious diseases due to vitamin deficiencies, cancer.
Is there a way to increase the desire to get rid of addiction?
Addiction treatment begins with the person’s acceptance of the disease. First of all, necessary psychotherapeutic interventions and information should be given in order to raise awareness about the disease and the process. Psychosocial interventions such as information sessions about the disease and the process, which we call psychoeducation, motivational interviews, and family training and therapies, are important in increasing the desire for treatment in addiction.
Addiction is also defined as a family disease. The addicted individual affects the whole family in different ways. It is important to keep families involved in the treatment process and to evaluate family members along with the dependent individual. For these reasons, the family of the alcohol-addicted individual and his immediate surroundings should participate in the treatment system, if deemed necessary, and participate in family training and information meetings and, if necessary, family therapies. It is known that the response to treatment is higher in individuals with more family support.
What kind of precautions should be taken to avoid starting alcohol again after treatment?
First of all, it should be kept in mind that addiction is a lifelong disease. In this disease, the patient, family, and treatment team should work together to minimize the risk of recurrence. The person should stay in the best alcohol and drug rehabilitation centre in Mumbai system with appropriate medication and psychosocial treatment as long as necessary. In this process, it is important that the person recognizes high-risk situations, organizes his/her circle of friends and social life in accordance with his/her illness, gains life skills to lead a sober life, and increases social support.